Distributed Generation Technologies – Applications and Challenges

The practice of installing and operating electric generating equipment at or near the site of where the power is used is known as “distributed generation” (DG). Distributed generation provides electricity to customers on-site or supports a distribution network, connecting to the grid at distribution level voltages.

The traditional model of electricity generation in the United States, which may be referred to as “central” generation, consists of building and operating large power plants, transmitting the power over distances and then having it delivered through local utility distribution systems.

The practice of installing and operating electric generating equipment at or near the site of where the power is used is known as “distributed generation” (DG). Distributed generation provides electricity to customers on-site or supports a distribution network, connecting to the grid at distribution level voltages. DG technologies include engines, small (and micro) turbines, fuel cells, and photovoltaic systems.

Distributed generation may provide some or all of customers’ electricity needs. Customers can use DG to reduce demand charges imposed by their electric utility or to provide premium power or reduce environmental emissions. DG can also be used by electric utilities to enhance their distribution systems. Many other applications for DG solutions exist.

With existing technology, every industrial or commercial facility including factories, campuses, hospitals, hotels, department stores, malls, airports, and apartment buildings can generate enough electricity to meet its power needs under normal conditions, as well as have back-up power during a blackout.

Distributed generation systems can provide an organization with the following benefits:

* Peak Shaving;

* On-site backup poer during a voluntary interruption;

* Primary power with backup power provided by another supplier;

* Combined load heat and power for your own use;

* Load following for improved power quality or lower prices;

* To satisfy your preference for renewable energy

In conjunction with combined heat and power (CHP) applications, DG can improve overall thermal efficiency. On a stand-alone basis, DG is often used as back-up power to enhance reliability or as a means of deferring investment in transmission and distribution networks, avoiding network charges, reducing line losses, deferring construction of large generation facilities, displacing expensive grid-supplied power, providing alternative sources of supply in markets, and providing environmental benefits.

Power generation technologies have evolved significantly in the past decade, making DG much more efficient, clean, and economically viable.

Substantial efforts are being made to develop environmentally sound and cost-competitive small-scale electric generation that can be installed at or near points of use in ways that enhance the reliability of local distribution systems or avoid more expensive system additions. Examples of these distributed resources include fuel cells, efficient small gas turbines, and photovoltaic arrays.

This report on Distributed Generation Technologies takes an in-depth look at the industry and analyzes the various technologies that contribute to distributed generation in today’s age. The report focuses on these technologies through case studies, examples, and equations and formulas. The report also contains analysis of the leading countries actively promoting distributed generation.

The Future of Procurement Technology

Research has shown that leading companies today employ extensive use of procurement technology for purposes of driving high performance. Procurement masters do this in the following ways:

  • Provide heavy support to their source-to-pay process via a complete suite of integrated technology modules.
  • Achieve “one version of the truth” through the harmonization of master data across systems and consistent maintenance procedures.
  • Have access to highly visible data so as to enable full reporting.
  • Boast a full portfolio of supplier integration technology.

Today’s procurement masters therefore enjoy significant payoffs, delivering 2.5 times more value for every dollar spent in procurement, in comparison to average performers. But what lies ahead with regards to procurement technology benefits of the future? Take a look.

Innovative Technology

With the economy still in recovery, business focus has shifted to technology that is easy to deploy and which delivers a quick and tangible ROI. Granted, technology today typically focuses on the manufacturing element of the enterprise, which is where the money is made. Nevertheless, procurement remains at the heart of every organization; therefore innovation in technology can help boost procurement engagement ultimately leading to a reduction in costs and increase in savings.

Increased Connectivity

Procurement managers of the future will increasingly need to adapt to the convergence of work and play. Consumer-style expectations will persist in their migration into the workplace with access via the traditional PC/ browser-based platforms being superseded by apps. Procurement technology applications will shift their focus to engagement and usability so as to drive efficient processes and fantastic compliance. Additionally, as with the internet, technology is set to become even more connected over time.

Intelligent, Multi-Dimensional Data

Business procurement is set to resemble consumer procurement platforms such as eBay and Amazon. This will be achieved through technology that is more intelligent and which utilizes multiple dimensions of data to steer spending behavior towards the most attractive deals. In this way, procurement managers will be able to make purchasing decisions that are quick and better informed.

An efficient and integrated technology foundation is critical for achieving such results for the business of the future. This will also require thought leadership in procurement and sourcing, specialized skills for SAP procurement and global client experience to assist an organization in the maintenance of a reliable, high quality supply base while reducing costs. It is such a foundation that will provide your business with a procurement technology framework that will power high performance for years to come.

Android Developers – Developing a Cutting-Edge Android OS and Applications

Are you aware of the latest mobile phone developments? Technology evolves tremendously and you should chase every progress of it in order not to be left behind. The trend of technology innovations is moving too fast. That is why some people cannot be able to catch up with the latest updates about the best and newest products of technology. Whether we like it or not, we cannot stop or control the rapid pace of every development in technological applications and products. Today, we are living in the modern era and we need to embrace and adapt what technology has brought for us. The fastest development of technology is found in the advancement of mobile phones. Every year or even every 3 months, there are new models of phones released in the market. Currently, the latest mobile phones are smart phones and android phones. Smart phones and android developers are both determined to develop more enhancements most especially in the operating systems and software applications. However, android phones have more features and a stronger platform foundation. These are the factors that make the android phones turn out to be better than smart phones.

Android developers have developed an extensive and a cutting-edge application development. The objective of the development for the android operating system and applications is to provide users with a handy operational phone. There are so many dynamic features that can be used freely by the android users. Like the application framework that enables you to customise, change and reuse its components. The open development platform of android phones is providing the users with rich useful features. It is built with an open source operating system that is why you can possibly download or install any android or other apps because it can be recognised by the android’s OS and platform. The richness with the innovative applications in the android phones is worth the price. Most people prefer to buy mobile phones that can access almost all applications. Android phones are the most reliable mobile phone that can provide users’ demand. In fact, other phone manufacturers want to take advantage of android’s rapid and astounding development. Their objective is to make a good partnership with the android manufacturer because they know that they can’t compete with it in the market. Android phones’ acquisition creates remarkable impressions to the consumers and phone marketers as well.

Software application developers successfully provided solution to the compatibility issues to other mobile phones and in synchronizing apps mainly in gaming. There are three android operating systems that have been created magnificently by the professional developers. These are the Froyo, Gingerbread and ICS (Ice Cream Sandwich). These improve the interface of android phones to make it more advanced.